Beer brewing is one of humanity’s oldest chemical undertakings, undoubtedly dating from a prehistoric period when we first began to appreciate how to employ yeast for converting sugars and grains to alcohol.
The advent of electronic systems that can operate at the level of quantum interactions promises to usher in an era of unprecedented computer processing speed and information storage. Before this revolution can begin, however, scientists need to make the raw materials that will go into this new equipment. This past December, the University of Waterloo opened up a laboratory to do just that.
Survival in the Arctic has always been about finding food in a harsh land, as many European explorers learned the hard way. Some, such as Roald Amundsen of Norway, made good use of the nutritional wisdom of the Arctic Inuit, whom he met during his exploration of the Northwest Passage from 1903 to 1906. This...
In the mid-1980s, a Florida citrus growers’ organization offered $50,000 to anyone who could develop an analytical technique for detecting orange juice adulterated with cheap beet juice. Graduate student Nicholas Low, who was working on enzymes responsible for carbohydrate hydrolysis, thought he had a solution.